For beginners in the world of programming, the biggest dilemma is to decide where to begin or which language one should master for career benefits. At times, professional coders also face a situation where learning a new language seems more fruitful.
Whatever may be the reason, here is a list of the most popular programming languages across the world to know which languages are ruling the charts. This list of top programming languages is based on the data sourced from TIOBE Programming Community Index, which is a popular indicator of the popularity of programming languages.
TIOBE calculates the ratings by analyzing data from Google, Yahoo!, Bing, Wikipedia, Amazon, Baidu, and YouTube. Variables like the number of professional developers worldwide, training courses, and third-party vendors have also factored in this list.
Top 10 Programming Languages In 2019
The following list contains the top 20 programming languages and their performance in comparison to last year’s ratings. After that, the top 10 languages have been individually described in brief:
|Jan 2019||Jan 2018||Change||Programming Language||Ratings||Change|
|5||7||↑||Visual Basic .NET||6.46%||+3.20%|
Now let’s talk about the ones that have managed to secure top 10 positions in this list:
1. Java – the undisputed winner
Java still continues to top the most popular programming languages charts as it did a year ago. According to TIOBE’s data, Java has secured the first and second positions more than any other languages for about a couple of decades. A large number of renowned companies use Java to develop software and applications so if you happen to know Java, you definitely won’t have to struggle to find a job. The major reasons behind the popularity of Jave are its portability, scalability and a large community of users.
Career Opportunity: Web developer, Application developer, EJB programmer, Software Developer, Tester, etc.
2. The good old C programming language
As one of the oldest programming language, C still stands as on e of the top programming languages, thanks to its portability feature and early adoption by tech giants including Microsoft, Oracle, and Apple. It can work with nearly every system and is highly suitable for operating systems and embedded systems. Since it has a relatively small runtime, C makes the perfect choice for keeping such systems lean. Highly recommended for beginners, C is essentially the universal language of programming languages and has given birth to spinoffs like C++ and C# which are also quite popular.
Career Opportunity: Software Developer, Application Developer, Tester
3. Python – on the rise
The last 15 years have seen a steady growth in the popularity of Python. This year too, Python has seen a significant rise in the index and deemed as one of the most popular programming languages. It has been able to secure a spot in the top 5 of the TIOBE index since the past couple of years. As the major language behind some of the most promising technologies, today such as AI, machine learning, Big Data and robotics, Python has amassed a huge fanbase in recent years. You will be surprised by learning how easy it is to learn Python and this is the reason why many seasoned developers opt Python as their second or third language.
Career Opportunity: Software Engineer, Software Developer, Web Developer, Quality Assurance Engineer, Data Science
4. C++ continues to dominate
This object-oriented programming language was developed in the 1980s and is still found in numerous systems from desktop web apps to server infrastructure. C++ still remains in demand owing to its flexibility, performance and multiple contexts where you can use it. A career in C++ would usually involve the development of desktop applications which are focused on performance-intensive tasks. Mastery of C++ can give a deeper understanding of how programming languages and help in acquiring low-level memory manipulation skills.
Career Opportunity: Operating Systems and Compilers, Database engines, Gaming industry, Financial platforms,
5. Visual Basic .NET
Visual Basic .NET continues to hold the sixth position as last year in the most popular programming languages list for 2019. It is one of Microsoft’s OOP language which combines the power of .NET Framework-based classes and run-time environment. Derived from VB6, it is well known for the development of GUI applications making tasks easier for programmers and improving productivity. For coders, VB .NET offers a fast and easy way to create desktop applications for Windows platform as well as web-services and web development.
Career Opportunity: Senior Engineer, Software Developer, DevOps Engineer, QA Automation Engineer
Career Opportunity: Web Developer, Software Developer, App Developer, UI/UX Engineer
7. C# – Game developers’ favorite
C# is a modern object-oriented programming language that was developed by Microsoft to rival Java, which was heavily used by business software developers at that time. It was designed for developing apps on the Microsoft platform and needs the .NET framework on Windows to work. You can use C# to develop almost anything but it’s particularly strong in case of Windows desktop applications and games development. However, C# has seen a decline this year in its graph and shifted down 2 positions.
Career opportunity: Game Developer, Application Engineer
8. PHP for Web Development
According to TIOBE, PHP has moved up to number eight in TIOBE most popular programming languages in 2019 ranking displacing R language. PHP is mostly used on the server side for web development accounting for about 80% percent of websites on the internet. Facebook began its journey with PHP and its role in the WordPress content management system makes it quite popular. PHP offers several frameworks like Laravel and Drupal to help developers build applications faster with more scalability and robustness. So if you are looking for a career in web development, PHP is not a bad choice, to begin with.
Career Opportunity: Web Developer, App Developer
9. SQL to manage database
For the second consecutive year, SQL continues to hold the ninth place; and is rapidly progressing in number in the top 20 programming languages of TIOBE index. Despite the presence of other database technology, this standard query language for managing databases has been reigning for the past four decades. The reason being its simplicity, reliability, ubiquity and an active community that does a lot to keep this open source language around. SQL is typically is easier for beginners to learn compared to other languages and as far as a career path is concerned, several well-paying jobs like Data Analyst require SQL as a must.
Career Opportunity: Database Administrator, Database Developer, Database Tester, Data Scientist, App Developer, Web Developer
Objective C is the main programming language that was once used by Apple to create and manage OS X and iOS. Even though Apple introduced its new Swift language in 2014, most of iOS is still written in Objective-C. This object-oriented programming language works well for all general purposes like many other languages. It adds Smalltalk-style messaging feature to the C programming language. One of the reasons it remains among top programming languages of 2018 is its ability to use any of the compilers and syntaxes that come along with different C-based languages.
Career Opportunity: iOS Developer, App Developer, Software Engineer
It’s time to code
So this concludes the list of most popular programming languages you should learn in 2019. I hope the programming languages rating in this article helps you choose the right language career path based on your interests and the type of software development you would like to indulge in. Since each language has its pros and cons, take your time in weighing each option and choose accordingly. More importantly, make sure you hold a good command over the language you choose for programming. Until then, enjoy coding!