Learning to code is probably one of the most exciting things for a tech enthusiast. Whether it’s last year or even a decade ago, programming puts you at the forefront of the technologies that drive the modern world. But wait, Where do you start? Are you looking for Mobile Development? Fancy being a Web Developer? Or an old-school Desktop Application developer? Yup, it’s a tough ask to choose. If your answer is Web Development, search no more as this article will surely help you get started on the Best programming languages that you need to learn.
However, if you’re wondering about the best programming languages in general, we have you covered. Our article on 10 Most Popular Programming Languages In 2020 is just what you’ve been looking for. So do check that out —
Top 10 Programming Languages for Web Development (2020)
Web Development in itself has areas of focus: the client-side (Front-End), the server-side (Back-End) and the cross-disciplined Full-stack development. So, we’ll look at the best programming languages for you to start learning in each of these Web Development areas.
Here’s our List in Short:
- HTML and CSS
- Node JS
- ASP .NET
- MEAN (Stack)
- MERN (Stack)
Best Languages for Front-End Development
Front-End Development is the client-side of things. Basically, it is all the beautiful elements you see on a webpage’s interface. Consequently, this is where the user primarily interacts for navigation and browsing. If you are into creativity or designing, this is where you would feel right at home. Now let’s have a look at the programming languages that you must learn for Front-End web development —
HTML and CSS
Being an open-source web development programming language and maintained by the tech giant Microsoft itself, TypeScript is an object-oriented programming language that shows a lot of promise. Furthermore, the availability of an interface and support for modules make TypeScript a popular programming language for web development. Every JS code can run as a TypeScript code as well. As a result, we decided to feature it on our list, and we suggest you add it to your arsenal to stand out from the competition.
Programming languages for Back End Development
Back-end web development is where all the action happens. Back end web development does not focus on the aesthetic part but instead deals with the database and business logic. But all said, you would need to know how the front-end works even though in-depth knowledge is not required. Because front-end development coexists with the back-end databases. Here are the best Server Side programming languages that you must know in web development —
Python is the new talk of the town among the plethora of programming languages available in the world today. So much so that it beat the then undisputable JAVA language in 2016 by seizing the highest shares in programming usage that year. And ever since then, it has continued to dominate.
Python’s success over a short period speaks volumes of its capability. Probably, most of the success brims on its readability, efficiency, and smoother learning curve. Although Python is synonymous with machine learning and data science applications, web development is also a platform where Python thrives.
Due to the factors of frameworks like Django and Flask, Python has evolved to become a favorite tool for many developers in Web Development. Django uses an MVT( Model-view-Template) rather than the conventional MVC methods. Finally, big names such as Dropbox, PayPal, eBay, and Reddit have Python at their core.
ASP.NET is the server-side programming language and the only popular web development language to feature in this list, which is not free. ASP.NET is fundamentally a framework that helps you to build a web application. It is one of the best web development programming languages that provide different capabilities like server-side logic, validation, interaction with database, session, and security management. Based on C# code makes this popular language efficient and easier to read.
Most noteworthy is that mastering ASP.NET in itself requires developers to have a solid knowledge of various areas, including, C#, SQL, CSS, JS, HTML. Even though it might seem overwhelming, it has been developed by Microsoft with extensive libraries and visual studio IDE support that you can use to make full-fledged .NET web applications.
“Compile Once and RUN everywhere.” The famous motto that every Java programmer knows. High-level applications, High-traffic sites, android apps: you name it, Java does it all. Java Programming has immense support for high-end web application development. Moreover, the Java Virtual Machine acts as a runtime environment for the web container that sits on the server end of the web application.
Just like the applets, Java web frameworks are based on several servlets. Together with the resources of JavaServer Pages, servlets and classes, a full-fledged Java web application can be deployed. Useful web applications in Java include the Struts, Spring MVC, and GWT( Google Web Toolkit).
Ruby on Rails is a web application development framework based on the object-oriented programming language called Ruby. Similar to Python Django, as said before. As a relatively young and accessible web development programming language, Ruby has a lot to offer.
The main advantage of Ruby is that it is a beginner-friendly programming language. The coding size is considerably smaller, and code clarity is maintained throughout. The focus is more on the use of verbal communication. Additionally, for the best programming languages to learn, you would need a vibrant and enthusiastic community. This is where this popular web development language shines.
Websites like Github, Hulu, Twitch, Basecamp, SoundCloud all use Ruby on Rails. Therefore, you would want to consider Ruby as a programming language that you must learn for building a career in Web Development.
Must Learn Programming Languages for Full Stack Development
Full Stack Developers are all the rage nowadays. So far, we have seen the best Front-End and Back-End development technologies in web development. Now, what is a full-stack developer, you ask? First of all, a Full-stack developer is the “Jack of all trades” in the web development sphere. This term was popularized by the Facebook engineering team several years ago since Full-stack development involves work on both the front-end and back-end.
What stack primarily means is the collection of different modules that together build a functioning system. In this case, a website! Having the skills required in the already mentioned popular Front-End and Back-End programming languages can help you get one of the trendiest jobs in the current era of web development. Consequently, the best languages to learn for full-stack development would mainly include the ones which we discussed before.
MERN is similar to MEAN. The only difference is that while MEAN stack development uses Angular JS for the Front-End development, MERN uses React JS. React was developed by Facebook in 2013 and has continued its usage among its premium products, such as WhatsApp and Instagram. Angular and React are both capable web development technologies, but Angular remains to be the most mature one among them both.
React is gaining a lot of popularity, and its future job market is promising. React JS offers a more desirable learning curve than Angular JS. The verdict here is that you won’t be wrong going for either of these.
The Best Programming Languages for Web Development in 2020
So that’s that. You know as they say, Once Begun, Half Done. If there’s a perfect time to start learning, it is now. So what are you waiting for? There’s plenty of online courses and tutorials which can help you master these web technologies.
These best programming languages are probably the most sought after skills in the evergrowing IT industry of this time. Hence, whether you are already experienced or a beginner, choose wisely based on your interests and career goals. So start coding!
If you do have any queries or suggestions to our list, feel free to fill up the comment section. Cheerio.