Cyber security is the practice of technologies, processes, and controls to protect systems, programs, and devices from cyber attacks. Cyber security also has the name of information technology (IT) security. Moreover, it is not just about a specific domain but a practice applied to every type of digital computing.
In Layman’s terms, cyber security is the practice of preventing any attacks on digital systems containing assets or essential data. Likewise, it is a crucial practice that everyone should adopt, for cyber attacks can harm any individual or large organization.
Furthermore, cyber security can be classified into several sub-domains. Some of the significant sub-domains of cyber security include:
- Application Security
- Network Security
- Mobile Security
- Cloud Security
- Information Security
- Endpoint Security
Cyber security is a vast application process in itself because its ever-increasing challenges are constant. Security risks are continuously increasing, and it’s essential to catch up to them for everyone’s safety.
The importance of cyber security
It’s high time that every individual connected to a network realizes the severity of the situation. Cyber security won’t be successful until everyone affected is concerned. The ever-evolving risks to technological systems are multiplying faster than anyone can catch up. Hence, this is exactly why every individual and organization should take precautionary measures to protect their devices, databases, and programs against cyber attacks.
A cyber attack is an attempt by external or internal threats or attackers to exploit and compromise the available information in a target individual or organization’s system. In simpler terms, cyber-attacks are digital attacks where hackers attempt to steal certain information wirelessly or direct access to a system.
What can I do to prevent a cyber attack?
Individuals and organizations should follow a set of instructions to keep their systems in check. Awareness is the only important factor to keep in mind when it comes to protection against cyber attacks. Hence, all users must follow the essential practices of cyber security:
- Perform risk assessments to identify any threats or vulnerabilities
- Ensure you keep strong passwords for all your accounts and devices
- Do not use the same password for multiple logins
- Always use 2-factor-authentication wherever applicable
- Ensure firewall configurations and network security on home networks